Friday, November 27, 2015

8 Richest South Africans

8 Richest South Africans

1. Nicky Oppenheimer – R93.7 Billion ($6.8 Billion / €6.21 Billion)

Born Nicholas Oppenheimer is a the wealthiest man in South Africa.
Born the son of wealthy mining tycoon Harry Oppenheimer, Nicky (Nicholas) Oppenheimer would go on to continue
the family business with an emphasis on education and multiply his family's billions.

Nicky Oppenheimer joined the London based Anglo American (worlds largest platinum mining coming and a company his father was
Chairman of the Board of Directors) in 1968 and was quickly promoted to director in 1974.

Like his grandfather and father before him Nicholas Oppenheimer would become Chairman of De Beers Group
(once the worlds largest diamond producer) in 1985.
His family fortune controlled a 40% stake in the company. According to Bloomberg Oppenheimer, in what some might consider a conflict of interest,
sold his 40% interest in De Beers to Anglo American (a company in which he was on the board of directors) for $5.1 billion.

Date of Birth: June 1945
Education: Oxford
Net Worth: R93.7 Billion (source: Forbes)
Companies: Anglo American / De Beers

2. Christo Wiese – R94.5 Billion ($6.9 Billion / €6.27 Billion)

With a fluctuating net worth Christoffel Wiese is sometimes the wealthiest man in South Africa. A child working class parents,
Wiese excelled in education receiving his BA nad LLB from the prestigious Stellenbosch University in South Africa.
After practicing law for several years Wiese started his career as an entrepreneur launching a Pepkor
(a discount chain clothing chain his parents had helped found: Forbes) store in the country of Zambia.

Wiese is currently the Chairman of Brait SE, an investment firm Wiese uses to make corporate sales and acquisitions
most notably Virgin Active health clubs based in London for £682 (R14.27 Billion/ $1 Billion)

Date of Birth: 10 September 1941
Education: University of Stellenbosch
Net Worth: R94.5 Billion
Companies: Pepkor / Shoprite Holdings / Invicta Holdings

3. Johann Rupert – R90.3 Billion ($6.6 Billion / €6 Billion)

Third on the list of South African's wealthiest is Johann Rupert. Rupert is the son of tobacco magnate Anton Rupert and another
wealthy alumni of the University of Stellenbosch. Johann Rupert is currently the founder and chairman of Compagnie Financiere Richemont
(maker of Baume & Mercier, Cartier) a luxury goods holding company he started in 1988.

Forbes writes, "Rupert owns a 7% stake in Remgro, which he chairs, as well as 25% of Reinet,
an investment holding company based in Luxembourg that has a stake in British American Tobacco."

Date of Birth: 1 June 1950
Education: University of Stellenbosch
Net Worth: R90.3 Billion
Companies: Compagnie Financiere Richemont / Rembrandt Group / Remgro Limited

4. Ivan Glasenberg – R45.1 Billion ($3.3 Billion / €3 Billion)

Johannesburg, South Africa born Ivan Glasenberg is the CEO of commodities trading and mining giant Glencore (formally Marc Rich & Co AG).
Glasenberg was on the board of Swiss mining giant Xstrata before being acquired by Glencore in what can be called a potential conflict of interest.
The business tycoon also has a seat on the board of directors of Minara Resources, an Australian mining giant based in Perth.

In 2011 Ivan Glasenberg's Glencore purchased the outstanding shares of Minara for R3.83 billion ($280 million / €253 million) according to
 Financial Times The Times also writes, "The offer, which represent a premium of 35.9 per cent over Tuesday's closing price of A$0.64, values Minara at A$1.01bn".

Date of Birth: January 1957
Education: University of the Witwatersrand SA / University of Southern California (USA)
Net Worth: R45.1 Billion

 5. Patrice Motsepe – R30.1 Billion / $2.2 Billion / €2 Billion

Highly educated Patrice Motsepe (born Augustine Motsepe) is South Africa's first black billionaire.
Born in Soweto, South Africa Motsepe attended law school at the esteemed University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg.

Motsepe is the founder and current chairman of African Rainbow Minerals, which Forbes states is ,"a publicly traded firm that mines
and processes iron, manganese, chrome, platinum, copper, nickel, coal and gold".

In 1997 with sunken gold prices Patrice Motsepe had the intuition to purchase gold producing mines at a fraction of there value.
BlackEntrepreneurProfile writes, "Mr. Motsepe…acquired a number of marginal shafts at Vaal Reefs in January 1998 on favorable
financial terms, followed by the purchase of other marginal shafts owned by AngloGold in the Free State.".

Date of Birth: 28 January 1962
Education: University of Swaziland / University of the Witwatersrand
Net Worth: R30.1 Billion (source: CNN)

6. Koos Bekker – R28.7 Billion / $2.1 Billion / €1.90 Billion

Koos Bekker is a Cape Town born billionaire and the first South African billionaire on our list not specializing in mining.
Mr. Bekker is he Chairman and former CEO of Cape Town based Naspers a multinational media company with investments in China, India, Russia and over 100 other countries.

Koos Bekker has been called Africa's Rupert Murdock by
The website also states he raised Naspers market cap from $R8.2 billion in 1984 to over R340 billion in 2015.

Date of Birth: 14 December 1952
Education: Stellenbosch University / Columbia Business School (US)
Net Worth: R28.7 Billion

7. Stephen Saad – R20.5 Billion / $1.5 / €1.36 Billion

Stephen Saad is a Durban, South Africa born billionaire and 7th on our list of wealthiest South Africans.
Saad is Chief Executive of Aspen Pharmacare which is the largest drug company in Africa.

Founded in 1997 with business partner Gus Attridge, Pharmacare specializes in generic drug manufacturing
particularly antiretrovirals used in the management of HIV/AIDS.

Date of Birth: 23 June 1964
Education: University of Natal
Net Worth: R20.5 Billion

8. Desmond Sacco – R19.1 Billion / $1.4 Billion / €1.26 Billion

Desmond Sacco is Chairman and Managing Director of mining holding company Assore Limited and former
Chairman of Associated Manganese Mines from February 1999 to May 2001. Upon graduation from the University
of South Africa Sacco joined his fathers company (Assore Group) and quickly (perhaps through nepotism,
hard work or a combination of the two) rose to senior management.

In a company profile of Assore on owns 50% of Patrice Motsepe's multi-billion Rand mining company African Rainbow Minerals Limited (ARM).

Date of Birth: 1940
Education: University of Witwatersrand / University of South Africa,
Net Worth: R19.1 Billion

You will find the recipes links here as well.

Wednesday, November 25, 2015

Margate Shell Grotto

Buried deep underground in small English town of Margate, Kent; is a grotto shrouded in complete mystery. 
Adorned with 4.6 million shells and 70ft of winding underground passages leading to a rectangular chamber, this shell grotto is undoubtedly a remarkable site to behold.
Story has it that in 1835, a laborer was going about his usual field work, but when he struck the soil with his spade, it sank into the earth. The farmer realized that he was standing on something hollow, but was unable to see anything from the surface. Word spread around town, and a local school teacher volunteered his young son, Joshua, to be lowered into the hole with a candle. Upon emerging from the mysterious cavern, Joshua described rooms filled with hundreds of thousands of carefully arranged shells.  

Underground Grotto
The Shell Grotto is adorned with symbols mosaiced in millions of shells, symbols that celebrate life as well as reminders of death. 
Underground Grotto
The Shell Grotto hosts a passage, a rotunda and an altar chamber. 
Underground Grotto
The shells in the grotto, include scallops, whelks, mussels, cockles, limpets and oysters, all of which can be found locally. However, the flat wrinkle shells must have been brought in from elsewhere.  
Underground Grotto

Underground Grotto
With so much intricate detail, on a rather large scale, one question still remains, who built this underground cavern
Underground Grotto
Shrouded in mystery, some believe that the grotto once had religious significance - primarily due to the vaulted ceilings and altar spaces.  
Underground Grotto
Nobody knows how old the grotto is, but some theories about its origin date its constructions as far back as 3,000 years ago. 
Another theory holds that the grotto was created as an aristocrat's folly sometime in the 1700s. This proposed explanation is validated by the fact that shell grottoes were actually quite popular in Europe in the 1700s, especially among the wealthy. The only catch to this theory, though, is that the grotto's location was on farmland - a land that had never been part of a large estate where follies would have been satisfied.  
Others believe that it may have been used as an astrological calendar in the past.
There are those also, who say that the grotto must somehow be connected with the Freemasons or the Knights Templar
Others believe that the grotto may date as far back as 12,000 years ago, maintaining that it is connected to a mysterious Mexican culture.  
Underground Grotto
Its mystery has left people completely stumped!
Right now, it seems, we will not discover the truth behind this mysterious shell grotto. The age of the shells could be determined through carbon dating according to the Shell Grotto's web site, but it's a pricey process and other conservation issues are currently being prioritized.   
One thing is clear though, the arrangement of the shells must have taken countless hours of painstaking work.  
Underground Grotto
Unfortunately, many of the shells in the grotto have faded over time, losing their luster through water damage. In its early days, it would have been full of dazzling color. This recreation shows what they might have looked like at the time, and with over 4.6 million shells, it surely must have looked astonishing! 
Underground Grotto
Since its discovery, the Margate Shell Grotto has been opened to the public, first by Joshua's father, the school teacher. In 1835 he quickly bought up the land and began renovating the grotto to make it suitable for visitors. Two years later, in 1837, the grotto had been opened to the public for the first time, and still enjoys visitors today.


You will find the recipes links here as well.


Tuesday, November 24, 2015

Friday, October 30, 2015

Bathroom for dogs @ airports

You know how it is after a long flight, when the fasten-your-seatbelt sign stayed lit for almost all of the plane ride,
and you had to wait forever to exit the plane, it feels like you’ve been ‘holding it’ for years.
You finally approach the public restroom and see this:  The long long line

Well, dogs flying into O’Hare International Airport in Chicago no longer have to worry about waiting in line for the public pee-tree!

Oh yeah, I was talking to dogs in my opening paragraph. Was that not clear?

Besides being the world’s busiest airport, O’Hare just revamped their terminals in a way that really puts itself on the map.
Airborne dogs now officially have their own indoor public bathroom at the Chicago airport!

The bathroom was designed with service dogs and their handlers in mind. According to a press release:

    “It will enhance the traveling experience for individuals with disabilities because they no longer need to pass back through security to relieve their service animal.”

bathroom I mean bark-room is equipped with 2-foot-by-4-foot stand of artificial grass, complete with miniature fire hydrants for aim,
and a pop-up sprinkler system to wash away puppy pee. Adorable.

Chicago Department of Aviation commissioner, Ginger Evans said in a news release on Tuesday:

    “We are pleased to offer this new amenity for passengers, especially those who depend on the assistance of service animals
when they travel through our airport.
This is another way we are making O’Hare International Airport more accessible to the traveling public and creating a more welcoming environment for visitors to Chicago.”

So, next time you fly into Chicago with your four-legged friend, and he or she was filling up on peanuts and sipping cocktails throughout the flight, just look for that good ole blue-and-white sign. 

World's cutest endangered animal photographed for first time in over 2 decades

Meet the Ili pika, native to the Tianshan mountain range in the Xinjiang region of northwestern China
and quite possibly the cutest endangered species known to exist. The animal, occasionally referred to as the "magic rabbit,"
is even rarer than the panda. In fact, no one had seen one in more than two decades until this little guy (pictured above) was photographed last July, reports CNN.

Scientists estimate that there are fewer than 1,000 still alive, though so little is known about this elusive
pika that precise numbers are difficult to come by.
They're diurnal, meaning they primarily appear during the day, so it's discouraging that this is the first Ili pika seen since the early 1990s.

Part of their elusiveness can be explained by the remoteness of their habitat. Like most species of pika —
a group of mammals related to rabbits and hares — the Ili pika lives only at high altitudes.
Since they are sensitive to warmer temperatures, climate change is a major threat to pika species worldwide.
As the Earth warms, they must retreat higher and higher into the mountains until they simply run out of habitat left to climb to.  
"This tiny species could be extinct any time," said conservationist Li Weidong, the man who took the recent photographs.
"They don't exist in the sites where they used to be anymore."

The teddy bear-faced Ili pika, as seen for the first time in decades.

Incidentally, Li is also the researcher credited with first discovering the Ili pika in 1983,
and it was his research team that last saw the animal in the 1990s.
Li led an expedition in 2002 and 2003 to relocate the species, but was unsuccessful.

It wasn't until July of 2014 that Li got another chance to find his so-called "magic rabbit," due in part to an early retirement.
Currently, there is no organization dedicated to the conservation of this charismatic little pika,
despite Li's efforts to raise awareness about it. The species is not even listed on China's List of Wildlife under Special State Protection —
 part of the country's 1988 Wildlife Protection Law.  

"I'm almost 60, and soon I won't be able to climb the Tianshan Mountains," said Li.
"So I really hope that an organization will have people study and protect the Ili Pika."